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15 October 2017

Kiss everybody's ass goodbye / Yellowstone Supervolcano making troubling belches again

Questions About Supervolcanoes

What is a supervolcano?

Comparison of eruption sizes using the volume of magma erupted from several volcanoes.
 (Click image to view full size.)
Comparison of eruption sizes using the volume of magma erupted from several volcanoes.
The term "supervolcano" implies a volcanic center that has had an eruption of magnitude 8 on the Volcano Explosivity Index (VEI), meaning the measured deposits for that eruption is greater than 1,000 cubic kilometers (240 cubic miles). The VEI scale was created as a general measurement of the explosivity of an eruption. There are multiple characteristics used to give an eruption its VEI allowing for the classification of current and historic eruptions. The most common criteria are volume of ejecta (ash, pumice, lava) and column height. All VEI 8 eruptions occurred tens of thousands to millions of years ago making the volume of ejecta or deposits the best method for classification. An eruption is classified as a VEI 8 if the measured volume of deposits is greater than 1,000 cubic kilometers (240 cubic miles). Therefore a supervolcano is a volcano that at one point in time erupted more than 1,000 cubic kilometers of deposits. Yellowstone, like many other supervolcanoes, has also had much smaller eruptions. The cartoon shows a comparison of eruption sizes, including the three largest from Yellowstone. Click on the image for a more detailed description and larger view.

What are some other examples of supervolcanoes?

Volcanoes that produced exceedingly voluminous pyroclastic eruptions and formed large calderas in the past 2 million years would include Yellowstone, Long Valley in eastern California, Toba in Indonesia, and Taupo in New Zealand. Other "supervolcanoes" would likely include the large caldera volcanoes of Japan, Indonesia, and South America. The most recent supervolcanic eruption on Earth occurred 27,000 years ago at Taupo located at the center of New Zealand's north island.

I read that scientists couldn't find the Yellowstone caldera until they looked at a photo of Yellowstone from space. Is this true?

Not according to Bob Christiansen. Bob is the USGS scientist who delineated the three Yellowstone calderas and told the world about the great eruptions that formed them. Bob reports that he traced out the caldera boundaries through old fashioned field work... walking around with a hammer and hand lens and looking carefully at the rocks and their distributions. Most of the key observations were made in the 1960s and 1970s. Several authors have written that these large calderas were discovered from space and we suspect that the rumor probably got started because initial field work that delineated them was partly funded by NASA. The idea was to compare well-constrained geologic maps with images taken from space. So Bob's geologic map was used to verify the NASA images, not the other way around.

In 2005, BBC and the Discovery Channel produced a docudrama and documentary about Yellowstone called Supervolcano. Below, Yellowstone Volcano Observatory scientists answer questions that arose after this program aired that relate to supervolcanoes, volcanic hazards, and Yellowstone.

The docudrama Supervolcano dramatically explores the impact of a large caldera-forming eruption at Yellowstone. The scale of the portrayed eruption is similar to the eruption of the Huckleberry Ridge Tuff at Yellowstone 2.1 million years ago. The movie is realistic insofar as depicting what could happen if an eruption of this magnitude were to occur again. Although the drama is set in the future, it does an acceptable job of addressing some of the issues scientists would grapple with if Yellowstone showed signs of an impending eruption. The questions and answers below shed light on issues related to volcanism at Yellowstone. A much more detailed discussion, including full-color illustrations, can be found in the U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet about Yellowstone's activity.

QUESTION: What is the chance of another catastrophic volcanic eruption at Yellowstone? ANSWER: Although it is possible, scientists are not convinced that there will ever be another catastrophic eruption at Yellowstone. Given Yellowstone's past history, the yearly probability of another caldera-forming eruption can be approximated as 1 in 730,000 or 0.00014%. However, this number is based simply on averaging the two intervals between the three major past eruptions at Yellowstone — this is hardly enough to make a critical judgment. This probability is roughly similar to that of a large (1 kilometer) asteroid hitting the Earth. Moreover, catastrophic geologic events are neither regular nor predictable.

QUESTION: What would happen if a "supervolcano" eruption occurred again at Yellowstone? ANSWER: Such a giant eruption would have regional effects such as falling ash and short- term (years to decades) changes to global climate. The surrounding states of Montana, Idaho, and Wyoming would be affected, as well as other places in the United States and the world. Such eruptions usually form calderas, broad volcanic depressions created as the ground surface collapses as a result of withdrawal of partially molten rock (magma) below. Fortunately, the chances of this sort of eruption at Yellowstone are exceedingly small in the next few thousands of years.

QUESTION: Is Yellowstone monitored for volcanic activity? ANSWER: Yes. The Yellowstone Volcano Observatory (YVO), a partnership between the United States Geological Survey (USGS), Yellowstone National Park, and the University of Utah, closely monitors volcanic activity at Yellowstone. The YVO websitefeatures real- time data for earthquakes, ground deformation, stream flow, and selected stream temperatures. In addition, YVO scientists collaborate with scientists from around the world to study the Yellowstone volcano.

QUESTION: Do scientists know if a catastrophic eruption is currently imminent at Yellowstone? ANSWER: There is no evidence that a catastrophic eruption at Yellowstone is imminent, and such events are unlikely to occur in the next few centuries. Scientists have also found no indication of an imminent smaller eruption of lava.

QUESTION: How far in advance could scientists predict an eruption of the Yellowstone volcano? ANSWER: The science of forecasting a volcanic eruption has significantly advanced over the past 25 years. Most scientists think that the buildup preceding a catastrophic eruption would be detectable for weeks and perhaps months to years. Precursors to volcanic eruptions include strong earthquake swarms and rapid ground deformation and typically take place days to weeks before an actual eruption. Scientists at the Yellowstone Volcano Observatory (YVO) closely monitor the Yellowstone region for such precursors. They expect that the buildup to larger eruptions would include intense precursory activity (far exceeding background levels) at multiple spots within the Yellowstone volcano. As at many caldera systems around the world, small earthquakes, ground uplift and subsidence, and gas releases at Yellowstone are commonplace events and do not reflect impending eruptions.

QUESTION: Can you release some of the pressure at Yellowstone by drilling into the volcano? ANSWER: No. Scientists agree that drilling into a volcano would be of questionable usefulness. Notwithstanding the enormous expense and technological difficulties in drilling through hot, mushy rock, drilling is unlikely to have much effect. At near magmatic temperatures and pressures, any hole would rapidly become sealed by minerals crystallizing from the natural fluids that are present at those depths.

QUESTION: Could the Yellowstone volcano have an eruption that is not catastrophic? ANSWER: Yes. Over the past 640,000 years since the last giant eruption at Yellowstone, approximately 80 relatively nonexplosive eruptions have occurred and produced primarily lava flows. This would be the most likely kind of future eruption. If such an event were to occur today, there would be much disruption of activities in Yellowstone National Park, but in all likelihood few lives would be threatened. The most recent volcanic eruption at Yellowstone, a lava flow on the Pitchstone Plateau, occurred 70,000 years ago.

QUESTION: Because Yellowstone is so geologically active, are there other potential geologic hazards in Yellowstone? ANSWER: The heat and geologic forces fueling the massive Yellowstone volcano affect the park in many ways. Yellowstone's many geysers, hotsprings, steam vents, and mudpots are evidence of the heat and geologic forces. These hydrothermal (hot water) features are mostly benign, but can rarely be the sites of violent steam explosions and pose a hydrothermal hazard. Earthquakes, another example of active geologic forces, are quite common in Yellowstone, with 1,000 to 3,000 occurring annually. Most of these are quite small, although significant earthquakes have shaken Yellowstone, such as the 1959 magnitude 7.5 Hebgen Lake quake, the largest historical earthquake in the intermountain region, and the 1975 magnitude 6.1 quake near Norris Geyser Basin. The many earthquakes and steam explosions in the past 10,000 years at Yellowstone have not led to volcanic eruptions.

12 October 2017

possible path to becoming a mermaid or getting your ex-lover back



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08 October 2017

stock up on bottled water / kiss your ass goodbye / also buy AA & AAA batteries


Is the end of the world on October 15 and what is David Meade’s new Planet X conspiracy theory?

A seven-year series of catastrophic events including earthquakes, hurricanes, nuclear attacks and volcanic eruptions is set to begin NEXT WEEK, according to a Christian conspiracy theorist

A DOOMSDAY theorist fears that "seven years of catastrophic events" will begin next week - and says recent natural disasters are proof a supposed Biblical prophecy is coming to pass.
David Meade predicts nuclear attacks and hurricanes will destroy the planet - triggered by a mysterious Planet X. Here's everything we know about his latest theory.
 A huge planet is allegedly going to either smash into the Earth or pull us off our axis
Getty - Contributor
A huge planet is allegedly going to either smash into the Earth or pull us off our axis

Is the end of the world on October 15?

The Christian conspiracy theorist has repeatedly warned about a mysterious planet named Planet X or Nibiru on the far edge of our solar system.

Conspiracies suggested it was hurtling towards earth and set to destroy it on September 23.
Now Meade claims people have misunderstood his Planet X prophecy.

Instead, he's now claiming we could be in for SEVEN years of nuclear war and natural disasters starting on October 15.
Meade says that its "the most important date of this century or millennium".
October 2017 may signal "the end of the world as we now know it".

APOCALYPSE WHEN? Five times the world was supposed to end (but didn’t)

The earthquake in Mexico and hurricanes in the Caribbean are all related to the Planet X theory, Meade claimed.
"It’s the beginning," he said. "Ever since the Great American Solar Eclipse of August 21st we have been hit by a continued series of judgements."
The date of September 23 relates to a verse in the Bible which apparently matches the August 21 date when Hurricane Harvey battered Texas.
Luke’s passage 21: 25 to 26 reads: “There will be signs in the sun, moon and stars.
“On the earth, nations will be in anguish and perplexity at the roaring and tossing of the sea.
"People will faint from terror, apprehensive of what is coming on the world, for the heavenly bodies will be shaken.”
 Christian conspiracy theorist David Meade
Christian conspiracy theorist David Meade

What was David Meade's Planet X conspiracy theory?

David believed that a "spiritual sign" would appear in the sky on September 23 where the moon will appear under the constellation of Virgo.
Then on October 5, Planet X will fully eclipse the sun and cover the earth in shadow.
This will signal the start of the "seven-year-tribulation" on October 21, he believes.
He claims an asteroid named Wormwood, measuring at least three kilometers in diameters, which is attached to the "debris field of the Planet X star system" will hit earth at some point during the seven years.
The "tribulation" will also involve "nuclear exchanges between the US, Britain and our enemies – Russia, China, Iran and North Korea."

END OF DAYS Six terrifying and totally realistic ways the world could end

"It will involve cataclysmic climate events related to Planet X or Wormwood – those are the trumpet judgements of Revelation," he explained.
Huge solar flares would "bring down the electrical grid," according to Meade.
"Rioting and looting will be unrestrained.... society will be in chaos," he warned.
An unusual celestial arrangement set for September 23 triggered the doomsday fears.
But astronomer Christopher Graney says it's happened four times before in 1827, 1483, 1293 and 1056.
 A prophecy, which said Planet X would cause the end of the world this weekend, spread globally
Getty - Contributor
A prophecy, which said Planet X would cause the end of the world this weekend, spread globally

What is Planet X?

Meade expects Nibiru will pass the Earth – bringing with it volcanic eruptions, tsunamis and earthquakes.
The mysterious planet was first mentioned in 1976 by author Zecharia Sitchin in his book The 12th Planet.
He wrote it is home to ancient aliens called the Annunaki who he claimed created the human race.
 Meade believes an asteroid named Wormwood will hit the earth
Getty Images
Meade believes an asteroid named Wormwood will hit the earth

What does Nasa say?

This theory gained momentum earlier this year when NASA discovered what could be a new planet deep in the solar system, which they named Planet Nine.
It could have a mass 10 times that of earth.
Jim Green, director of NASA's Planetary Science Division, said: "It's too early to say with certainty there's a so-called Planet X."
The space agency has however firmly, and repeatedly, dismissed the theories about Nibiru as an "internet hoax".
“The planet in question, Nibiru, doesn't exist, so there will be no collision," said Nasa.
"The story of Nibiru has been around for years (as has the 'days of darkness' tale) and is periodically recycled into new apocalyptic fables.
"There is no factual basis for these claims.
"If Nibiru or Planet X were real and headed for an encounter with the Earth … astronomers would have been tracking it for at least the past decade, and it would be visible by now to the naked eye. "Obviously, it does not exist."
Nick Pope, who headed up the Ministry of Defence’s UFO desk, agrees with the space agency.
He said: "The bottom line is that if a mysterious 12th planet was really going to hit the Earth on Saturday, we’d all be able to see it right now.”
David Meade explains his theory on Planet X and the end of the world on September 23


Avatar for Joe Blo
Earth is Flat. It has always been flat.there is no space. Planets are wondering stars. We are the center of everything. God exists. Aliens don’t exists. But heaven and hell do.
5 For this they willfully forget: that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of water and in the water, 6 by which the world that then existed perished, being flooded with water.
2 Peter 3:5-6
Repent and ask Jesus to save you. He is the only way to heaven.
But what does it say? “The word is near you, in your mouth and in your heart” (that is, the word of faith which we preach): 9 that if you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you will be saved. 10 For with the heart one believes unto righteousness, and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. 11 For the Scripture says, “Whoever believes on Him will not be put to shame.” 12 For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek, for the same Lord over all is rich to all who call upon Him. 13 For “whoever calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved.”
Romans 10:8-13
The rapture is coming soon. Are you ready?
Avatar for Steven Spencer
Maybe the moon is planet x. Maybe something will cause it to crash into earth or push it real close to earth
The moon does effect earth's gravity
Avatar for Sher Man
David Meade is a quack he's feeding off people's fears and gullibility in order to profit for his own well-being. It's just too much hype. He should be ashamed. But like most con artists I'm sure he isn't he just makes himself more popular.
Avatar for baba masters
spare us the sanctimony. the whole goddamned world is filled with con artists who wouldn’t hesitate a second to capitalize on the next gimmick, not least of which is this news tabloid you fancy to read and comment!
Avatar for Magister Sampson
First 2012, then Comet Elenin, soothsayers of doom will always alter the date when it fails to emerge on the basis that sooner or later the date will occur.
Avatar for Richard Mills
Just as loony as the flat earth society. What morons believe such bilge. The end of the world gets predicted every month now.
Avatar for 2203312
That's because the journalist has no other story to report on or create.

23 August 2017

teenagers in .mk using library computers suspected / teenage islamic terrorists suspected / or maybe AI, AI could be pulling this kind of malscat / maybe Elvis got a new hobby / H. sapiens vs. The Unknown / Get used to it / the underarm deodorant or toilet water fragrance of the Future / Crisis in IncomprehensibleLand / Comments must be ASCII, no binary


----- Original Message -----
From: "Pierre Letouzey" <>
Cc: "Coq Developers Mailing List" <>
Sent: Tuesday, August 22, 2017 5:43 PM
Subject: Re: [Coq-Club] offline (and under investigation)

> Dear all,
> Good news, the Inria security team have ended its investigation of,
> and it confirmed that the integrity of the server (and its files) has not been
> compromised. The initial alert was due to a crafted bug report put on our
> bugzilla, with some html attachment pointing to islamist messages, pretending
> to have hacked our site. But this bug report was created by a plain regular
> bugzilla account created just before, with no further exploit. So this was little
> more than a bug spam, and yes, we're many here to consider that the admin and
> security team at Inria have quite overreacted. These matters are taken very
> seriously nowadays...
> All the services provided by should be back to normal quite soon
> now, in particular the bugzilla is now operational again, without data loss.
> Please note that bug attachments of type text/html are now disallowed
> (but such files could be placed in a .tgz or .zip if they are truly meaningful
> for a bug report).
> By the way, even if the Coq files available for download on
> have not been impacted by this incident, let me remind that I maintain a gpg-signed
> list of all the SHA1 fingerprints of the files we distribute:
> If in doubt, please refer to this list after checking for its signature.
> Moreover, each recent Windows and Mac packages should be internally signed as well.
> Sorry again for the inconvenience, quite independent from our will...
> Pierre Letouzey, for the Coq dev team

> ----- Mail original -----
>> Dear all,
>> The server behind our website has been put offline early today
>> by the Inria sysadmin staff and is awaiting further investigations.
>> For the moment, we have very little information about what appended,
>> we've just been told that a component of the website has been compromised
>> by intruders (bugzilla ? wiki ?) during the night. Unfortunately, these
>> investigations by the Inria admins may take several days (next Tuesday
>> is holiday here). We requested that at least the static part of the website
>> (especially downloads and documentation) be made available as soon as
>> possible,
>> but we still do not know yet when this will happen. Of course, we'll keep
>> you informed as soon as we know more about this attack and its consequences.
>> Most sorry for the inconvenience...
>> Pierre Letouzey, for the Coq dev team


Vleeptron is guessing that Ynglisshe is not Pierre's first lingo. (But overall High Marks in the Ynglisshe Intro Final.) But we admire his admission that The Mess that Affected the Coq community last week was "quite independent from our will..." A similar and more common English expression is "against our will..." but this also carries the unpleasant suggestion of being tied to a bed in a cheap motel room.

Which raises the question: Can AI perceive shame and remorse for and embarrassment, or the binary equivalent, for its screwups?

Leave a bunch of Comments. ASCII only.

13 August 2017

alone & unsupervised, Vleeptron Dude sings about el choo-choo tren marihuana por fumar / should I bring chocolates to the pretty young physician's assistant Tuesday?

Click to enlarge / clicko por mas grande

S.W.M.B.O. has left me alone and unsupervised, so this is what all youse Vleeptroids get. Okay I owe you a few True Answers to a couple of PizzaQs. I'll get around to it. I promise.


A very nice pretty young Asian-American physician's assistant stuck her gloved finger up my butt a few weeks ago. Tuesday she's going to do it again! I can't wait! Should I bring her chocolates?

12 August 2017

if you're in USA & you just see this eclipse on TV you are soooooo lame & pathetic / use correct eclipse glasses or you'll go blind / the Sun will go dark, day will turn to night / send me $$$$ or I will not turn the Sun back on

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