(as flames rise around the condemned man)
CONFESS! CONFESS YOUR SINS!
PÈRE URBAIN GRANDIER
(priest of Loudon)
Dear God, forgive me for leading a disordered life.
-- "The Devils" by Ken Russell,
from the novel "The Devils of Loudon" by Aldous Huxley
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Kathleen Mansfield Murry)
Born October 14, 1888, Wellington, New Zealand
Died January 9, 1923 (aged 34), Fontainebleau, France
Pen name Katherine Mansfield
Nationality New Zealand
Literary movement Modernism
Relative(s) Elizabeth von Arnim (cousin)
Kathleen Mansfield Murry (14 October 1888 – 9 January 1923) was a prominent New Zealand modernist writer of short fiction who wrote under the pen name of Katherine Mansfield.
“ The pleasure of reading is doubled when one lives with another who shares the same books. — Katherine Mansfield ”
Mansfield was born Kathleen Mansfield Beauchamp into a socially prominent family in Wellington, New Zealand. The daughter of a banker and born to a middle-class colonial family, she was also a first cousin of author Countess Elizabeth von Arnim. Mansfield had a lonely and alienated childhood. Her first published stories appeared in the High School Reporter and the Wellington Girls' High School magazine, in 1898 and 1899. She moved to London in 1902, where she attended Queen's College, London. A talented cellist, she was not at first attracted to literature, and after finishing her schooling in England, she returned to her New Zealand home in 1906. It was upon her return to New Zealand that Kathleen Beauchamp began writing short stories. Weary of the provincial New Zealand lifestyle, Beauchamp returned to London two years later in 1908.
On her return to London in 1908, she quickly fell into the bohemian/bisexual way of life lived by many artists and writers of that era. With little money, she met, married and left her first husband, George Bowden, all within just three weeks. Around this time, she became pregnant by a family friend from New Zealand (Garnet Trowell, a professional violinist) and her mother sent her to Bavaria.
Katherine suffered a miscarriage in 1909, possibly brought on by lifting her trunk off the top of a wardrobe. Back in England, her work drew the attention of several publishing houses, and Beauchamp took on the pen-name Katherine Mansfield upon the publication of her first collection of short stories, In a German Pension, in 1911. She also contracted gonorrhoea around this time, an event that was to plague her with arthritic pain for the rest of her short life, as well as to make her view herself as a 'soiled' woman.
Discouraged by the volume's lack of success, Mansfield submitted a lightweight story to a new avant-garde magazine called Rhythm. The story was rejected by editor John Middleton Murry, who requested something darker. Mansfield responded with "The Woman at the Store," a tale of murder and mental illness that Murry called "the best story by far that had been sent to Rhythm." Mansfield moved in with Murry soon after its publication, and she would eventually marry him in 1918.
'Portrait of Katherine Mansfield' by Anne Estelle Rice, June 1918, © National Museum, Wellington
Her life and work were changed forever with the death of her brother, a soldier, during World War I. She was shocked and traumatised by the experience, so much so that her work began to take refuge in the nostalgic reminiscences of their childhood in New Zealand. During these years, she also formed important professional friendships with writers such as D. H. Lawrence and Virginia Woolf, who later claimed that her writing was 'The only writing I have ever been jealous of'.
Although she continued writing between her first and second collections ("Prelude", 1918), she rarely published her work, and sank into depression. Her health declined further after a near-fatal attack of pleurisy when she contracted tuberculosis in 1917. It was while combating the disease in health spas across Europe, suffering a serious hemorrhage in 1918, that Mansfield began writing the works she would become best known for.
"Miss Brill," the bittersweet story of a fragile woman living an ephemeral life of observation and simple pleasures in Paris, established Mansfield as one of the preeminent writers of the Modernist period, upon its publication in 1920's Bliss. The title story from that collection, "Bliss," which involved a similar character facing her husband's infidelity, also found critical acclaim. She followed with the equally praised collection, The Garden Party, published in 1922.
Mansfield spent her last years seeking increasingly unorthodox cures for her tuberculosis. In February 1922, she consulted the Russian physician Ivan Manoukhin. His "revolutionary" treatment, which consisted of bombarding her spleen with X-rays, caused Mansfield to develop heat flashes and numbness in her legs.
The Dictionary of National Biography reports that she now came to feel that her attitude to life had been unduly rebellious, and she sought, during the days that remained to her, to renew and compose her spiritual life. In October 1922, Mansfield moved to Georges Gurdjieff's Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man in Fontainebleau, France, where she was under the care of Olgivanna Lazovitch Hinzenburg (later, Mrs. Frank Lloyd Wright). Mansfield suffered a fatal pulmonary hemorrhage in January 1923, after running up a flight of stairs to show Murry how well she was. She was buried in a cemetery in the Fontainebleau District in the town of Avon.
Mansfield proved to be a prolific writer in the final years of her life, and much of her prose and poetry remained unpublished at her death. Murry took on the task of editing and publishing her works.
His efforts resulted in two additional volumes of short stories in 1923 (The Dove's Nest) and in 1924 (Something Childish), as well as her Poems, The Aloe, a collection of critical writings (Novels and Novelists) and a number of editions of Mansfield's previously unpublished letters and journals.
Katherine Mansfield is widely considered one of the best short story writers of her period. A number of her works, including "Miss Brill", "Prelude", "The Garden Party", "The Doll's House", and later works such as "The Fly", are frequently collected in short story anthologies. Mansfield also proved ahead of her time in her adoration of Russian playwright Anton Chekhov, and incorporated some of his themes and techniques into her writing. The fact that Mansfield died relatively young only added to her legacy.
Mount Roskill Grammar School in Auckland, Rangiora High School in North Canterbury, Tauranga Girls' College in Tauranga, Westlake Girls' High School in Auckland, Macleans College in Auckland, Wellington Girls' College in Wellington and Rangitoto College in Auckland have a house named after her.
A street in Menton, France, where she lived and wrote, is named after her and a Fellowship is offered annually to enable a New Zealand writer to work at her former home, the Villa Isola Bella. New Zealand's pre-eminent short story competition is also named in her honour.
* In a German Pension (1911), ISBN 1-86941-014-9
* The Garden Party: and Other Stories (1922), ISBN 1-86941-016-5
* The Doves' Nest: and Other Stories (1923), ISBN 1-86941-017-3
* Bliss: and Other Stories (1923)
* Poems (1923), ISBN 0-19-558199-7
* Something Childish (1924), ISBN 1-86941-018-1, first published in the U.S. as The Little Girl
* The Journal of Katherine Mansfield (1927, 1954), ISBN 0-88001-023-1
* The Letters of Katherine Mansfield (2 vols., 1928-29)
* The Aloe (1930), ISBN 0-86068-520-9
* Novels and Novelists (1930), ISBN 0-403-02290-8
* The Short Stories of Katherine Mansfield (1937)
* The Scrapbook of Katherine Mansfield (1939)
* The Collected Stories of Katherine Mansfield (1945, 1974), ISBN 0-14-118368-3
* Letters to John Middleton Murry, 1913-1922 (1951), ISBN 0-86068-945-X
* The Urewera Notebook (1978), ISBN 0-19-558034-6
* The Critical Writings of Katherine Mansfield (1987), ISBN 0-312-17514-0
* The Collected Letters of Katherine Mansfield (4 vols., 1984-96)
o Vol. 1, 1903-17, ISBN 0-19-812613-1
o Vol. 2, 1918-19, ISBN 0-19-812614-X
o Vol. 3, 1919-20, ISBN 0-19-812615-8
o Vol. 4, 1920-21, ISBN 0-19-818532-4
* The Katherine Mansfield Notebooks (2 vols., 1997), ISBN 0-8166-4236-2
* "The Woman At The Store" (1912)
* "How Pearl Button Was Kidnapped" (1912)
* "Millie" (1913)
* "Something Childish But Very Natural" (1914)
* "The Little Governess" (1915)
* "Pictures" (1917)
* "Feuille d'Album" (1917)
* "A Dill Pickle" (1917)
* "Je ne parle pas franзais" (1917)
* "Prelude" (1918)
* "An Indiscreet Journey" (1920)
* "Bliss" (1920)
* "Miss Brill" (1920)
* "Psychology" (1920)
* "Sun and Moon" (1920)
* "The Wind Blows" (1920)
* "Mr Reginald Peacock's Day" (1920)
* "Marriage а la Mode" (1921)
* "The Voyage" (1921)
* "Her First Ball" (1921)
* "Mr and Mrs Dove" (1921)
* "Life of Ma Parker" (1921)
* "The Daughters of the Late Colonel" (1921)
* "The Stranger" (1921)
* "The Man Without a Temperament" (1921)
* "At The Bay" (1922)
* "The Fly" (1922)
* "The Garden Party" (1922)
* "A Cup of Tea" (1922)
* "The Doll's House" (1922)
* "A Married Man's Story" (1923)
* "The Canary"" (1923)
* New Zealand literature
* Elizabeth von Arnim, cousin and novelist
* John Middleton Murry, husband and editor
1. ^  Brististempire.co.uk Retrieved on 05-25-07
2. ^ http://www.britishempire.co.uk/biography/mansfield.htm Britishempire.co.uk Retrieved on 05-25-07
3. ^ http://www.britishempire.co.uk/biography/mansfield.htm Britishempire.co.uk Retrieved on 05-25-07
4. ^ Susan Kavaler-Adler (1996). The Creative Mystique: From Red Shoes Frenzy to Love and Creativity, p 113. ISBN 0415914124.
Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Wikisource has original works written by or about:
* Official website
* Literary Encyclopedia biography
* Biography, Works Review
* Images & e-texts of her works at NZeTC
* Works by Katherine Mansfield at Project Gutenberg
* The Garden Party at "Encyclopedia of the Self"
* Birthplace Trust Wellington
* Katherine Mansfield at Fontainebleau
* Some Katherine Mansfield Short Stories
* Bank of New Zealand Katherine Mansfield Awards
* Portrait of Katherine Mansfield by Anne Estelle Rice
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Katherine_Mansfield"
Categories: 1888 births | 1923 deaths | Deaths by tuberculosis | New Zealand short story writers | Fourth Way | Bisexual writers | People from Wellington
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